A malfunctioning washer means a ton of dirty clothes that will require cleaning with hands until the problem is fixed. If the washer simply does not start, this is an issue that needs fixing. In the majority of cases, you should be able to fix it yourself without having to call a specialist. We have created a simple guide for you, which might help you.
When it comes to problems with a washer, troubleshooting is a fairly simple process.
You will need:
a screwdriver in order to unscrew and remove some parts.
the second important tool is a multimeter, which you will use to check certain cords and parts.
Washer Parts Location
There are two main types of washing machines: front loading and top loading. You can see the location of their parts in the pictures below.
Power Breaker Off
Often, the reason for the appliance to stop turning on is simple. First of all, make sure that the laundry machine is plugged into the outlet. In addition, do not forget to flip the switch in your breaker box in the on position. Find the switch responsible for the electricity supply in the room where your machine is located.
If these tips do not solve the problem, the issue might be in the mechanism.
Lid Switch & Actuator
This switch is necessary for the motor to stay turned off when the appliance is unlocked. The washer cannot start if the switch is damaged. In some models, this switch is also responsible for filling the machine with water.
To check this part, leave the power on and press it. If you do not hear a click, this means that you need to buy a new lid switch. If it works well, but the power cannot reach the motor, turn the power off and conduct a continuity test.
Door Switch & Strike
Front-load models of washers have door switches and locks for safety purposes. In order for it to start working, both switch and lock have to be closed. Check the strike and see whether it locks properly. The door should also remain closed.
You can check the lock for continuity as well. If there is no electrical continuity, then you should replace this part.
Start Switch & Timer
Talking about the top-loading washing machines, there is another part that could possibly have issues. In this case, the start switch is combined with the timer. Starting this switch will require pulling out the knob connecting to the timer.
In case it still does not function even in the pulled-out position, you have to check it for electrical continuity. Remember to cut the electricity from the domestic appliance.
Carefully check all the knobs to see whether they interact with the switches properly. They could simply wear off and stop working as they should.
In order to check this, you will have to cut the power and look at the other side of the timer. Visually determine if the knob interacts with the switch in a correct way.
All types of washing machines have a motor to spin the tub during the washing cycle. If the motor does not start or produces an unusual noise, then it might be due to the faulty part.
In order to test it, remove the belts and turn it on. If it starts working, then the other part is causing the issue. If nothing happens, then you have to replace it with a new one.
Main Control Board
You are able to control all the processes in your device through this board. If it does not interact with a certain part (the door lock, the motor, the water inlet valve, etc.) properly, then the laundry machine will not work.
The only thing you can do is to check it visually to see if there are any suspicious spots like burnt or broken parts. If there are any signs of burnt spots, you should replace the board.