How to Fix Gas Stove Igniter

There are plenty of benefits to having a gas-powered stove. It is a quick source of heat and a long-lasting appliance. Moreover, even during a blackout you can still cook and heat up your meals.
But whereas the burners on electric stoves start working with one click, in this case, you have to ignite the gas to create fire. When the igniter starts malfunctioning, it is not a terrible issue, yet an annoying one.
Luckily, it is a fairly easy fix. You will be able to solve the issue yourself.

Required Tools

Because this troubleshooting is possible without calling a repair person, you will only need a couple of tools:

  • A four-in-one screwdriver;
  • A multimeter;
  • A pair of work gloves.

Even after disconnecting the appliance from the power outlet, it might be dangerous to attempt troubleshooting without wearing protective gloves. Always protect yourself while working with electrical appliances.

screwdriver and multi-meter

Clogged with Food Debris

One of the most frequent causes of a gas burner not being able to ignite is the obstruction of gas flow. It can be stuffed with grease or food particles.
Remove grates and caps covering the malfunctioning burners. The base of a burner can be either already removable or fitted with some screws. Unscrew the base if necessary and take it off. Clean around the burner with a cleaning detergent suited for kitchens. Put the base in water and clean it from all the debris with a brush. You can also use an old toothbrush. Inspect holes in the burner for the signs of clogging and clean them with the help of a needle or toothpick. After that, reassemble the burners.

igniter

Loose Connection

The connections between some of the parts might loosen up after moving or cleaning your appliance. The wiring between the igniting element and the control board should be tight and undamaged to create a spark that lights up the gas.
Before attempting this repair, you should disconnect the stove from the electric outlet. Disassemble the malfunctioning burner by removing the cap and unscrewing the base. Inspect the wiring for disconnections and signs of damage. Make sure everything is connected tightly and properly. Assemble the burner once again, plug in the stove and try igniting it.

Hot Surface Igniter

This part opens the gas supply and ignites it. In case the stove burners work properly, the igniter might be the issue. In other cases, the problem might be in the gas supply. You should disconnect the gas supply before this troubleshooting.
Clean the igniter from any grease or debris stuck to it. Ensure that the holes supplying gas are not obstructed either. Clean them with a toothpick or needle. After that, make sure that the igniter sparks properly. With the gas supply disconnected, try to ignite the stove. If there are no sparks appearing from the igniter, you might need to replace it.

Faulty Igniter

To troubleshoot the igniter, you can do a quick and easy test. Turn off the light in the kitchen and try igniting the stove. If you detect a yellow or orange spark, as opposed to a blue and cold one, then the igniter should be replaced.
Check the model of your stove to know which part you should purchase.

Safety Valve

This part prevents the gas from releasing before it is necessary. The igniter should heat up first, and then the gas is free. This is not a frequent issue.
Disconnect this part to troubleshoot it. See the owner’s manual to know the location of the valve for your model. Test the part using a multimeter. The resistance should be up to fifty ohms. A higher rate would mean that you need to buy a new valve.

Safety Valve

Temperature Sensor

This part helps to keep the temperature within a safe range. The models with an electronic display will indicate that there is a problem with the sensor if this is the case.
In most ovens, this sensor can be found on the back wall. Remove it in order to troubleshoot the part. Read the handbook to find out the suitable rate of resistance for your stove. Test it with a multimeter. Replace the sensor with a new one in case of malfunction.

Temperature Sensor

Electronic Control

To have free access to the control panel, you will have to remove the top of the stove. Visually examine the panel for the signs of burnt marks or other damage. Buy a new board, if there are any damaged areas.

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